Intervention and control

Last update: 15 March 2011

Many different methods are available to control vector populations and break epidemiological cycles. However, the massive use of insecticides is increasingly unacceptable from both an environmental and societal point of view. The effectiveness of other possible control methods depends on the biology and ecology of the target vectors, as well as the nature of the pathogen agents they affect, for example, the availability of vaccine or efficient prophylactic/curative treatments.

The wide distribution of wild or domestic reservoir hosts further complicates the identification and implementation of effective control methods. Most vector or vector-borne disease (VBD) control programmes therefore follow an integrated pest control strategy in which several concepts and methods are used together.

EDENext will be developing new vector control research tools, such as the laboratory colonisation of vector species, which will allow missing information on the efficacy of specific control methods to be assessed using laboratory or field experiments. Simulation models will be used to assess control strategies (such as pest management or disease control, including vaccination or host medical treatment) according to various scenarios (such as emerging disease, climate or environmental change) and control strategies which will be defined and selected with animal and human health stakeholders.

Depending on the specific cases, field or laboratory experiments will be carried out to assess the efficacy of one or more components of the integrated control strategy, and then predictive models will be used to assess the efficacy or other indicators such as the cost/benefit ratio of these control strategies.

Last update: 15 March 2011

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