Control and prevention

Copyright: NCDC, Georgia

For EDENext there are three clear strands in the control and prevention of vector-borne diseases. The first is an appreciation and understanding of the sequence of events which lead to vector-borne diseases: introduction, emergence and spread. Understanding each of these components is crucial in developing a science-based and data-driven suite of preventative, control or monitoring measures.

The second is the control of vector populations and the ability to break epidemiological cycles, for which many different methods are available. However, the massive use of insecticides is increasingly unacceptable from both an environmental and societal point of view. The effectiveness of other possible control methods depends on the biology and ecology of the target vectors, and the identification and implementation of effective control methods is further complicated by the wide distribution of wild or domestic reservoir hosts. This means that most vector or vector-borne disease (VBD) control programmes follow an integrated pest control strategy in which several concepts and methods are used together.

The third strand concerns the need for relevant and accurate data on risk perception in the public health agencies and in the exposed human population, as well as a clear understanding of the importance of these human population segments. Furthermore, the human or veterinary public health messages which need to be delivered have to be of a suitable content and style to reach the target populations most at risk.

In these pages you can find more details on all three strands and the actions EDENext is taking to ensure better control and prevention of VBD.

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